[kata-dev] [Blog Post] Kata combo v1.3 and v1.4 release

Tao Peng bergwolf at hyper.sh
Thu Nov 29 16:13:16 UTC 2018

FYI, we just released a blog post about Kata Containers 1.3 and 1.4
releases, see https://katacontainers.io/posts/kata-containers-13-14-release-updates/
. The blog contents are also listed here for your reference.

Hello Kata Kats,

I'm proud to see the rapid advancement of the Kata Containers project
as of late. Since September,  we’ve done several releases which
introduce features to help Cloud Service Providers (CSPs) and others
who plan to deploy Kata into production.

We are fortunate to have input to the Kata community project from some
of the world’s largest cloud service providers, operating system
vendors and telecom equipment makers such that we can better serve
their internal infrastructure needs as well as enterprise customers.

The Kata Containers 1.4.0 release has several nice new features and
many bug-fixes. All users are recommended to upgrade. We also released
a new stable release (v 1.3.1) for which only kernel changes were

The 1.4.0 release highlights following features:

- Host cgroups support:  The virtual machine is now constrained in a
host side cpu cgroup, enabling the requested cpu quota and periods to
be better honored. This protects against a single container using up
host resources which could lead to things like denial of service.

- NEMU `virt` machine type support:  This new machine type is
specially optimized for cloud environments and a great fit for Kata
Containers use cases. NEMU is a lighter weight version of QEMU
intended to reduce the attack footprint of the VM, thus improving the
security model even more. To learn more about NEMU, see

- New NetInterworkingModel `none`: It works with tap endpoint types so
that enlightened CNI plugins can add tap devices to a sandbox
directly, skipping extra steps and complexity introduced with the
host’s  network namespaces.

- New NetInterworkingModel `tcfilter`:  Yet another method for Kata
Containers to bridge the host netns veth and guest tap device, with TC
filter rules. With it, Kata Containers have more compatibility with
different network endpoint types and CNI plugins.

- Enable macvlan and ipvlan network support:  These two networking
models provide lightweight and fast access to underlay or host
interfaces without NATing.

- Guest rootfs image can now have a `guest_hook_path` that specifies
the path to OCI hook binaries within the guest to provide support to
run OCI hooks within the guest. This feature helps with
vendor-specific device passthrough to the Kata VM, for example.

For full details of v1.4 release features, please see


For the new stable v1.3.1 release, only kernel changes were relevant
for that branch.


In September we released the 1.3.0 release and 1.2.2 stable releases
with features like Network and Memory hotplug in order to better
support CSP customers’ running production environments. We also
continued our pursuit to be cross-architecture by adding more support
for ARM64 as well as Intel(R) Graphics Virtualization Technology.

To re-cap v1.3.0 feature highlights in case you missed the announcement:

- Network hotplug:  Sandbox network can now be dynamically changed by
the "kata-runtime network" subcommand. This allows customized CNI
plugins to create more Kata-native network endpoints within a running
container and better support for live dynamic network reconfiguration.

- Network monitoring:  a new kata component (kata-netmon) is added to
monitor container netns on the host. Now CNI hooks to dynamically
change the network setup of a running container and "docker network
connect" work with Kata Containers.

- Network multiqueue support:  Network cards are added to to the guest
with multiqueue support allowing Kata Containers to gain better
network performance by running multiple threads in parallel.

- Memory hotplug: "kata-runtime update" subcommand can now add extra
memory to a running container for long-lived dynamically reconfigured

- Better container memory constraint support:  containers in the same
Kata sandbox (VM) can be constrained by memcg inside the guest.

- GPU support:  both Intel(R) GVT-g and GVT-d GPU devices can now be
used by Kata Containers.

- Architecture/ARM64: add GICv4 or higher support.

For full details, please see

The 1.2.2 stable release had several important fixes. Users who want
to stick with stable-1.2 branch were recommended to update.

For full details, please see


Thanks to all contributors who are helping to advance Kata Containers
in order to better serve our growing number of users!



Peng Tao

Software Engineer


[1[ Intel® Graphics Virtualization Technology –d (Intel® GVT –d):
vDGA: virtual dedicated graphics acceleration (one VM to one physical

[2] Intel® Graphics Virtualization Technology –g (Intel® GVT -g):
vGPU: virtual graphics processing unit (multiple VMs to one physical

[3] ARM® Generic Interrupt Controller Architecture Specification GIC
architecture version 4.0

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